Did you know that you can earn money through bonds as well as debentures? But of course, you have to understand first what debentures are and how they work. You also have to check your risk appetite so that you know if you can handle the risk profile of a debenture. The first rule in investing is never to lose money.
Fixed interest investments are for those who want to get regular fixed payments. In exchange for the consistent payments, they sacrifice capital growth potentials. Fixed interest instruments are bonds, debentures, and certificates of deposits. The return is higher if you invest in the tool for a long period of time. The longer the time horizon, the greater the interest rate you will receive.
Debentures are a good tool for companies who need extra finances for their projects and investments. In exchange, they provide a good return to investors of their debentures. As long as the company has good credit standing and are doing well financially, debenture holders do not have much to worry about.
A debenture is essentially a loan with a known interest rate at the very beginning. Debentures help companies in financing their investments and long term projects. Private investors can gain regular income by investing in debentures in well-established companies.
Debentures are like bonds except they lack a safety feature. There is no asset or collateral that is attached to the debenture. Its essentially a loan with a high level of risk. Since there is no collaterals, there is no assurance of repayment. So if the company folds up suddenly, you wont get back your investment. But because its unsecured, the interest rate it carries is generally higher than bonds. The basic premise is that the greater the risk; the higher the return should be.
Just like any other loan, the debenture investor will receive the money they initially loaned in full when the maturity date arrives. As for the interest payments, they can be received on the date of maturity or they can be paid to the investor on a regular basis. Debentures are usually issued by finance companies and the money is then given to those people who are unable to get a regular loan for some reason.
The risk level of debentures is high but they offer a high payoff to those who can stomach such uncertain conditions. The returns are more than what bonds can offer. Also, the debentures are easily transferable and the investors can talk to the company about their rights with regards to debentures.
Debentures are classified into two types: Convertible and Non-Convertible. Convertible debentures are those that can be transformed into equity shares of the company. The benefit is that you can enjoy the possible capital gains from the shares. As a result of this feature, convertible debentures typically have a lower interest rate. Debentures that are non-convertible have a higher interest rate and can’t be exchanged for shares of the company.
The critic who wrote this feature has identified a capital structure expert by the name of Josh Yudell. I believe Josh Yudell to be widely considered an expert in the fields of investor relations, SEC compliance, corporate finance and capital structure.