IBM and Stellar Are Launching Blockchain Banking Across Multiple Countries

The news also comes as an important validation of blockchain technology.

In a breakthrough for payments technology, IBM and a network of banks have begun using digital currency and blockchain software to move money across borders throughout the South Pacific.

The significance of the news, which IBM announced on Monday, is that merchants and consumers will be able to send money to another country in near real-time, accelerating a payments process that typically takes days.

The banking network includes “12 currency corridors” that encompass Australia and New Zealand, as well as smaller countries like Fiji and Tonga. It will reportedly process up to 60 percent of all cross-border payments in the South Pacific’s retail foreign exchange corridors by early next year.

The news also comes as an important validation of blockchain technology, which has long promised enormous efficiencies for the financial sector, but has been slow to move from the concept stage to the real world.

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Blockchain, which relies on a disparate network of computers to create an indelible, tamper-proof record of transactions, is most famously associated with the digital currency bitcoin. But it can be used in many other applications such as tracking shipments or, as in this case, to record a series of cross-border transactions.

As an example, IBM said a farmer in Samoa will soon be able to contract with a buyer in Indonesia, and use the blockchain to record everything from the farmer’s collateral to letters of credit to payment.

“This is the next step in the evolution of blockchain technology. It’s live money moving around a network,” Jesse Lund, IBM’s VP of Blockchain, told Fortune.

Digital Currency is Key

The new blockchain banking process is also notable because the banks will initially rely on a bitcoin-like digital currency, known as Lumens, to facilitate the cross border payments.

Currently, banks arrange such payments by maintaining foreign accounts in a local currency (so-called nostro accounts), and then debiting the accounts as required—a process that is both slow and ties up capital.

Under the new blockchain arrangement, banks will conduct the transactions using Lumens, and then rely on local market makers to convert the Lumens into local fiat currency. The Lumens are created by a non-profit company called Stellar, founded a Jed McCaleb, a well known figure in the payments and crypto-currency world.

Both Stellar and IBM are part of a project called Hyperledger Fabric, which is building open source blockchain tools to support payment infrastructures.

According to Lund, though, the banks use of Stellar’s digital currency is likely to be temporary. He predicts that, in the next year, central banks will begin issuing digital currencies of their own, and that these will become an integral part of blockchain-based money transfers.

The IBM-backed blockchain project comes at a time when other companies are creating efficient new ways to conduct global money transfers. These include BitPesa, which relies on the bitcoin network to replace traditional wire transfers between merchants in Africa, and TransferWise, which provides an inexpensive way for consumers to obtain foreign currencies.

This is part of Fortune’s new initiative, The Ledger, a trusted news source at the intersection of tech and finance. For more on The Ledger, click here.


SoFi's CEO hiatus stalls its big-time banking ambitions

SAN FRANCISCO/NEW YORK (Reuters) – Under the leadership of Chief Executive Mike Cagney, Social Finance Inc (SoFi) set its sights on becoming a one-stop shop for every well-to-do millennial looking for financial services and a romantic partner.

     One of the most valuable private financial technology startups in the United States, SoFi’s $ 4.3 billion valuation was based on expectations it could develop into a major lender but Cagney’s departure this month and the circumstances around his exit complicate efforts to create a new-generation bank that could compete against JPMorgan or Bank of America.

“This will be a headwind for them for some time,” said Robert Wildhack, an analyst for financial technology and marketplace lending firms at Autonomous Research.

“It is hard to see how management turnover wouldn’t delay the growth and penetration of products.”

Cagney stepped after a lawsuit alleged he presided over a hostile work environment for women that enabled senior executives to harass female employees.

Cagney did not respond to a Reuters request for comment. In a blog post to SoFi employees before he resigned, Cagney said the allegations were “being thoroughly investigated by outside attorneys we have engaged.”

The company has hired headhunters over the past few days to help find his replacement, but an appointment is not expected to take place until the end of the year, a source familiar with the matter told Reuters.

The gap at the top is likely to stall SoFi’s application for a banking license, according to the source, because regulators assess whether a company has a capable CEO before allowing it to accept deposits.

In addition to Cagney, SoFi has to replace other senior executives that have left over the past few months, including former chief financial officer Nino Fanlo, ex-chief revenue officer Michael Tannenbaum and former chief technology officer June Ou. The CEO search is the company’s first priority, according to a spokesman.

    A banking license was a key part of Cagney’s push to grow SoFi beyond its core business of student loans and unsecured personal loans.

“Longer term deposits are a key financial product obviously, so their ability or inability to offer that is an opportunity for borrowers to jump to a competitor,” said Wildhack.

Rare for a startup, SoFi is profitable. It earned $ 61.6 million in the second quarter of 2017, after adjustments, for depreciation and amortization, taxes, stock-based compensation and other miscellaneous charge offs and investments.


    Cagney, a former bank trader, had been the driving force behind SoFi’s big-time ambitions, pushing it into mortgages, personal loans up to $ 100,000, wealth management services and life insurance. He told investors after the second quarter that the company was undertaking aggressive growth.

    But without Cagney at the helm, the emphasis is expected to shift.

    The company will be more disciplined about testing new products before selling them widely, a source close to the company said.

In 2016, SoFi announced that it would no longer factor FICO credit scores into its underwriting process. The company scrapped the initiative after default rates started ticking up for loans that had been FICO-free, according to a source familiar with the matter.

SoFi went back to using FICO among other data points when assessing borrowers’ credit worthiness, according to a spokesman.

SoFi’s core business is still the $ 1.4 trillion U.S. student loan market and there are plans to set up in Australia and Canada, where students graduate with average debts of $ 22,000 and $ 20,000 respectively. Those plans have been put on hold as the company awaits the appointment of a new CEO, according to the first source.

The spokesman said the company had no changes to announce on international launches.

“People fundamentally want this product,” said Manu Gupta, general partner at Lakestar, a venture capital firm that has invested in SoFi. “While we had a lot of confidence in Mike Cagney, we still have high expectations in the company because everything is not about one leader.”


    SoFi started in 2011 offering student loan refinancing to graduates of top-tier schools such as Stanford University. It could offer a better interest rate than federal government loans, on the basis that Ivy League graduates will have higher-earning jobs and are less likely to default.

    But competitors quickly appeared. So SoFi added new products. It also ensured its marketing tactics differentiated it from rivals. Customers referred to as “members” are invited to SoFi-hosted events from cooking classes and yoga sessions to cocktail parties and single meetups.

     “We don’t think of ourselves as a finance company, we think of ourselves as money, career and relationships,” Cagney said at a technology conference in May.

In line with this philosophy, he had championed the creation of a dating app but that idea has now been scrapped.

    SoFi was successful in getting its members to sign up for other products. In the second-quarter letter to investors, Cagney said 40 percent of SoFi’s mortgages and 56 percent of its wealth accounts came from existing members.

    The problem is that SoFi’s core clients — so-called Henrys: high earners not rich yet – do not have the means yet to be lucrative wealth management clients.

    SoFi Wealth had amassed only $ 12.25 million in assets under management at the start of September, according to a company filing.

    Investors say Cagney’s successor will need to communicate a steadier growth strategy.

    “I think the company needs to slow down, focus on winning products, dump others; build a resilient non-frat house culture; and take a longer term view,” said Ryan Gilbert, a partner at venture capital firm Propel Venture Partners, which has backed at least a half dozen fintech companies but not SoFi.

Additional reporting by Gregory Roumeliotis; Editing by Carmel Crimmins and Susan Thomas

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


Develop Small Business Credit And Watch Your Company Develop

Arranging and managing an internet business is hard. It’s a desire of huge numbers of people world wide. There are tons of folks that want to set up their very own company nevertheless never ever quite get around to it. Sometimes it is due to some factors that may discourage these people from launching their very own venture, which is the possible lack of capital. There are also others that fear the risk of losing their very own money.

Nevertheless, with careful planning, thought and effort, you possibly can raise some funds which will help to get the business started and it can be done through building a business credit. In short, you need to borrow against the business instead of from personal belongings.

Setting up a business through business credit is completely different from consumer credit. This only states that you are striving to project yourself in a business point of view. You must be able to get ready for the transition it entails to ensure you have a successful venture; from being an worker to being a business man. The more you think in the business perspective, the better it is for that business and allows development in the future.

Possibly the most difficult step in building a business credit would be to convince the potential lenders that you’re trying to achieve and set up a viable venture. The quality of your business plan and preparation is important. In order to setup a proper business structure, you must make sure that the prerequisites, i.e. licenses, documentations, have been in place. You should use the business intend to show your lenders that you have placed a deep consideration about the several elements in a business: the competition, pricing, products and the markets. If you are not sure concerning the business plan, you can always hire a specialist advisor but it is critical to organize yourself for that defense of the sales projections and the estimated costs from the start up and running.

There are materials that you will need before the business may become a reality which are: the services, equipments, stocks and several other materials necessary for the business. Look for vendors who’re willing to grant a credit although it may best to choose those companies that’ll be able to report your good credit to major business credit reporting agencies. Good scores running a business credit are reserved for other large and stable business, but with careful and diligent business and credit practices, you may also achieve a good credit rating.

Arranging and doing a credit assessment is essential before getting into the business credit market. The credit assessment would determine if you are able to comply with the lender and also the credit bureau’s requirements. After achieving that, look out for businesses that can issue credit with no need for an established business or personal credit report checks or guarantees. Once you are able to transact the business with credit vendors, you will be able to use those references in order to establish your credit profile using the agencies for a credit rating.

You can even take advantage of those retired or semi-retired businessmen. These people sometimes volunteer to help start up a business. You can build your knowledge while you start the journey to a successful business with a decent standing in credit.

You may also use the advice they can give about pitfalls and disadvantages of starting a business to help you better prepare for the near future.

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Getting Payments From Credit Cards – Retailer Status For Your Personal Business

Many people presently, like the ease of buying by means of credit cards. In America , just about 1 in every 3 consumer purchases are paid via credit. It is important as a result for corporations to be able to easily accept credit card payments to prevent losing sales and profits.

Regardless of the type of business you have, whether it be a small shop, online store or mail order business, having a credit card service for customers will surely come in handy towards your business’ growth. On the other hand, one cannot just accept credit card payments in an instant. The truth is, one has to apply to a number of banks for any merchant status in order to do this. But once your merchant status is established, then your business is going to be all set.

Your organization must first partner with one or perhaps a few banks to be able to accept credit payments. Before doing so, you must make application with these banks to achieve the merchant status. These banks work with you to transfer money paid through credit by customers within a day or two from the sale. They will also be accountable for collecting the cash from the customer, and in return, your organization will pay them a usual commission, ranging from 1.5 percent to 5 percent for each transaction. Other fees may include monthly support and equipment rentals.

Trying to get merchant status may be a process much similar to trying to get financing, as lenders would likely investigate on your overall financial status. The feasibility of getting credit payments used through your company will certainly be researched. Here are a few components that banks will have to take into account before giving you merchant status.

Banking institutions would certainly need to find out whether granting your small business the status might have higher risks for accepting credit payments. For instance, home-based companies may have more difficulty to obtain a merchant status when compared with companies with stores. Aside from this, companies that are already established for some time in contrast to those that are only starting out may be granted status quicker.

Banks would be also interested to know if your company could really generate money and profits. In case your company has a dependable sales track record, then the simpler for you to achieve status.

Typical credit-worthiness would certainly be given much consideration. Be ready for your personal or business credit histories to be investigated. In line with this, lenders may also try to check with your previous merchant services, about your business’ performance as this give feedback how credit worthy you are.

To prepare your company for application, you have to be ready to have all information about your business as well as your personal credit rating. Including how you obtained the necessary finances for the company and just how you run things within the company. Requesting for any credit report for your business before hand will also be a good move.

Just remember, be sure that you have maintained a good business and private credit score for banking institutions to consider you more quickly. Pay your dues on time and steer clear of mounting up large financial obligations.

Inside your business, setting up a merchant account might seem unnecessary or an excessive amount of a hassle at first, on the other hand, when you start accepting credit payments inside your company, you will surely understand just how much it can bring about enhancing your small business.

It does not only by increasing sales, nevertheless it can also provide a lot more convenience to your customers as well as establish your organization. More to the point, accepting charge card payments will surely improve cash flow.

Ultimately, when you see how your small business can grow by having a certified merchant status, you’ll recognize how all your efforts were really worth it.

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Submit An Application Online For A Low Interest Rate Small business Bank Card

Small business credit cards are the trend in many small company enterprises throughout the world. It is simple to apply on the internet for a low interest business credit card at the convenience of your own house or small business, with out resorting to visiting different banks on foot.

Quite a few small businesses are now employing a business credit card to be used within their venture. Considering the reduced APR and perhaps zero annual fee on credit cards, you can make lots of purchases without worrying about additional expenses. This is quite handy if you are planning to reduce business related expenditures and improving profit.

Since the risks of business are much higher when compared with personal ones, business credit cards may have a greater interest rate as compared to the latter. Even with such interest expense, most are still choosing its use thinking about the practicality of use and benefits they are able to get from it.

Obtaining a low interest business credit card may appear easy in the beginning, nevertheless it may be a daunting task if it’s your very first time. You need to do research on different online financial companies that offer these cards, and find out which ones possess the lowest rate of interest attached to it, as well as other charges.

When you’re searching for a zero APR business credit card, you might try searching for those with the lowest balance transfer fees, lowest ongoing fees, additional charges, penalties, along with a low interest rate as well.

One other way of searching for business charge cards online is to consider special offers that come with the service, such as waived interest fees for a certain time period. This will come in handy if you are planning to start your business utilizing a credit card as capital. You can purchase stocks to satisfy consumer demands, office supplies and equipments, and so on; without the interest expense for a few months.

A number of business credit cards have flyer miles among its incentives. If you are planning to go somewhere for any vacation or for business related events, you should use the flyer miles that you’ve accumulated using the points you get from your business credit card.

Various other banking institutions also offer cash returns in line with the percentage from the purchases made while using credit card. This is practically among the best offers you should look out when ever you apply on the web.

After you apply online for a business credit card, it is a sound advice to not limit yourself with a couple of financial companies. You have to make sure that you receive the best deals, as well as the incentives and benefits that come with one.

Subsequent, make sure that you’ve got a good status in your business credit score so your application could be approved inside a shorter amount of time (and being qualified for just one).

You want to get your company and financial documents prepared, because the company might require you to fax it to them to process the application. These types of paperwork involve business permits and licenses as evidence of the validity of the enterprise.

Many others might request you to submit fiscal reports of your venture including income statements, balance sheets, tax documents, etc; be sure you have these ready, in case.

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Accepting Credit Cards – Exactly How This Helps Your Business

For a number of people who find themselves just starting to launch a small company endeavor, it may seem quite scary to start processing credit cards as a method of payment from consumers right away. Not surprisingly, it takes a lot of effort to have your company certified for merchant status from the number of banks to be able to accept credit payments.

Nevertheless, what small businesses proprietors have to take note of is that setting up your organization to accept credit cards may actually contribute several rewards that could lead to the growth of your business. Here are a few of the explanations why accepting credit cards will greatly benefit your organization.

Along with customers being able to pay through charge cards, you are actually increasing the probability, speed and size of customer purchases. This is mainly because accepting credit for payment basically does not turn away sales. And thus, when your customers are in the mood to purchase your products out of impulse, then they can readily make purchases even when they do not have money in their pockets. In this way, you are doubling the chances for people to be able to buy your products with the addition of options for how they want to make their purchases.

This adds to the ease of your customers. Take into account that not all people always carry cash with them, especially those who are traveling. Actually, more and more people today actually may discover the use of plastic for shopping very handy and far easier. Any time customers are happy with your company’s policies and feel comfortable with your services, you can surely rely they would probably buy from you more frequently.

A company owner may also rely on better cash flow upon accepting credit payments because there will surely be money arriving to the company. Unlike other means of transacting cash such as checks, their offers have fewer risks and are more reliable since payment transactions do not depend on whether your customer has sufficient funds in his or her account. In addition, this also guarantees you that you will surely be paid at least within a few days. This way, you as the business owner can also give just compensations for your employees and make timely payments for all your dues.

Using the services of credit cards may also give your organization an advantage of professionalism to the customers in addition to to other firms that you may want to partner with. For some reason the recognized way of transacting funds through charge cards and banking adds to your business’ legitimacy even if you are only operating a small company, as it provides a certain impression of trust towards the public. Even through reputation, your small business can already appear bigger than it really is which can largely bring about drawing the public to your company.

Credit cards can certainly play an extremely vital role towards the progress of your company. Via helping your organization improve its sales, supply customer ease, guarantee payment, increase cash flow as well as give an established appeal, accepting charge cards might be one of your best actions to enhance your company’s performance.

To conclude, regardless how small your business might be right now, taking credit cards from your buyers as a regular part of your services will certainly help your company grow.

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Trying To Keep Course With The National Credit Score Average

Did you know credit is considered to be a method of purchasing without having instant payment of merchandise. Credit may be by means of charge cards or financial loans.

Everybody who wants to process a credit card or loan application will need to follow the rules and regulations established through the lender. Key point for any credit application to be approved is your credit rating.

Ones credit rating may be the determinant factor of lenders whether you will be given credit. Your own existing credit status as well as your past credit standing makes up for a credit history.

All nation carries a standard credit score to follow along with to find out the country’s financial situation. America has a national average credit rating somewhere from 580 to 780. You will most likely be granted with credit requests for those who have a top credit score.

Since the credit score is highly significant that you should acquire credits as well as balance the national average credit score, you will find considerations to do.

Get the aid of specialists.

Don’t be at a loss for low interests or other attractive credit offers by lenders. It is best to seek advice from an expert prior to deciding to close a contract with a good notion.

Credit specialists can help you correctly manage your finances. He’s accountable in showing you the actual status of one’s finances. He can also be your way to obtain assistance on matters like getting credit. He or she will most likely advise you on the benefits and drawbacks of getting credit and also the many requirements lenders require prior to they make a decision.

Don’t let your due date slip.

Provided that you pay your bills promptly or by the due date, you are creating great credit standing. Another advantage when you’re paying ahead of time is that you are also making your balances low.

Past due payments of expenses will not only give lending institutions poor opinions of you but it is also unfavorable to sustaining a higher credit score. To avoid late obligations, it is advisable to keep an eye on due dates. Prompt yourself that it’s “pay time,” a week before your credit’s deadline.

Keep the interest charges low.

Credit interests identify how good or bad your credit rating is as well as the nationwide average credit rating. Along with reduced credit interests you are likely to sustain good credit standing.

Experts recommend that you undertake a review between lenders on the credit interest they give. Upon performing your own survey, choose which ones can give you a low interest rate yet can still offer you good-quality of service.


In order to undergo consolidation is generally present with those who experience trouble paying off unpaid debts to their loan companies. Consolidation is actually suitable for this kind of individuals in order to unburden all of them of an excessive amount of paying pressure.

Assess and re-evaluate.

You’ll need to be your own cpa. Don’t let financial problems accumulate, rather than waiting for credit reports to be mailed at the foot of your door, make your own. By doing so, you’re updated concerning your credit reports.

Self-evaluation of your credit file can help you gauge how much credit you still have. Nowadays if you wish to have free of charge consultation services with regards to your credit reports, you can always use the internet and locate one.

Keeping yourself on the right track will not only help you maintain a good credit ranking, it’ll additionally help your nation preserve a great average credit score. Having so may strengthen the economy.

That’s right, getting a reputable credit repair service can definitely assist you. Any credit repair services can cost you cash for their services however.

The Kinds Of Home Mortgages You’ll Find For Your Brand New House

A favorable credit record is crucial to almost everyone because most people cannot pay cash upfront for one of their largest purchases in their lives. Mortgage loans are generally necessary for most of us in order to purchase a home.

Mortgage loans will usually fall into the three types of conventional, FHA and VA loans. Each has their own advantages and qualification conditions so by getting some general knowledge of each of them first you’ll be a more educated buyer as you apply for your new mortgage and get ready to buy your new home.

The Federal Housing Administration or FHA is the largest government insurer of mortgages in the world. It is estimated that there have been more than 35 million FHA loans issued since 1934. FHA is a part of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. FHA does not loan money but only insures the lender in case of buyer default.

With an FHA loan you will get a lesser down payment. The down payment required is usually just 3.5%. However, there are additional fees, which make your closing costs higher. You also need to pay at closing for a mortgage insurance premium and that is 3% of the loan amount. With FHA you might still be able to qualify if your credit score is a bit lower as there isn’t any minimum standard and each situation is evaluated on its own individual merit. The maximum loan amount for FHA is $625,500.00 but it can go as high as $729,750.00 in the higher cost regions.

Conventional loans use the guidelines set out by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac for their conforming loans. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are quasi-governmental agencies. In the recent past the government provided bailout money for these agencies and so far this has not affected the underwriting on these conventional loans. A conventional “conforming” loan will generally not exceed $417,000.00 for a single family home and if it does it becomes “non-conforming” and it is referred to as a “jumbo” loan. The limits can be higher in higher priced areas throughout the country.

Conventional loans have established rules that a consumer must meet for credit scores, income requirements and minimum down payments. The guidelines adjust often but a credit score of at least 620 is needed but any score that is less than 740 will in all probability need more upfront fees. The down payment needed on a conventional loan is usually 5% to 20%, however, ahead of the subprime meltdown, the zero down payment loans as well as the 125% LTV mortgages were all conventional loans.

A VA loan is backed by the Veteran’s administration. Again, they don’t lend money but rather they protect the lender from default. If you are qualified you will get into a Veteran’s loan for a zero down payment and if you’re able to work out the closing costs to be paid by the seller you may also get into the home with absolutely no money. However, these loans are not obtainable for everyone and you must be a qualified veteran that has served in the U.S. Military.

This is some basic information about the types of mortgages available for financing your new home but of course, there are lots more details that were not covered. Before you look for your new home you should do whatever you can to improve your credit rating and increase your credit score and then you should contact a good Realtor and mortgage professional to help you further.

There are a lot components which will play a role in raise credit however financial credit repair can assist see it back.

Enhance Any Credit Score With Strategic Credit Repair

There are numerous ways that you can improve and repair your credit. Even if you have relatively good credit there may be some mistakes and discrepancies showing on your report, which when removed could improve your credit standing. High credit scores are critical for obtaining credit when you need it but they also determine the amount of interest you’ll be charged. Usually, the higher the credit score, the lower the interest rate you’ll be charged.

Credit repair is tips and techniques that you can use to improve or repair your credit. This includes disputing erroneous information that is bringing down your score and it includes analyzing your reports and making changes that can maximize your score. There are benefits that can be realized by almost anyone using credit repair techniques.

Negative items showing on a credit report that are true and accurate are meant to stay on your report until the statutory time period passes. However, more than 75% of all credit reports are believed to have some erroneous information so you will have to check your report carefully. You have the right to dispute inaccurate information and if it cannot be confirmed within a 30-day time period it must be removed.

It is very important to make sure that all your current debt is up to date. Your current debt combined with debt to available credit ratio is a crucial aspect of your credit score. You can increase your credit rating by manipulating this ratio either by paying down current debt or even by obtaining additional credit. Even small changes in a few factors can considerably increase your credit rating.

You will be unable to see any benefit to credit repair unless you have all your finances back in order. If you’re still struggling with overdue payments and income problems you will likely benefit more from credit counseling or perhaps a debt consolidation solution but until you are out of financial trouble, credit repair cannot help you.

Many credit repair techniques can be accomplished by yourself. However, that does not automatically mean you should attempt it. It can be a long and complicated project and anyone could benefit from allowing a good and reputable professional to help you. Many things may be easy to overlook for an individual but a good professional is trained to see all the opportunities. They know just what should and shouldn’t be showing on your account and their expertise can be very helpful.

When you are shopping around for a credit repair professional to help you with your credit problems you should check out their qualifications closely. Many companies have cropped up during the current economic downturn yet many of these don’t have the experience and expertise that is required. There are regulations concerning credit repair businesses but it is still important to select a company or even better a law firm that has been in business for years.

You can use different credit repair techniques to repair bad credit and improve on almost any credit score. With the implementation of some strategic credit repair techniques and the passing of time you can have good credit again.

There are lots of elements which could contribute to improving your credit score quickly although i want to fix my credit may help bring it back again.